Ramadan is a “holy month” in the Islamic calendar, which gives “an opportunity for devotion, reflection, and celebration of the mercy and love of Allah (SWT). Ramadan officially begins when the month of Shaban, the eighth month of the Islamic (Hijri) calendar, ends. Eid al-Fitr, the Muslim celebration officially marks the end of Ramadan.
The month of Ramadan is a time for reflection, contemplation, and celebration. Muslims fast between dawn and sunset, pray for peace and guidance, give back to the community in the form of charity or zakat, and introspect to enlighten their souls. During this month, Muslims are encouraged to increase their acts of charity, kindness, and generosity toward others. They are also expected to refrain from negative behavior such as gossiping, lying, or cursing.
The fourth pillar of Islam: the sawm
Muslims worldwide observe fasting during this holy month, as it is one of the Five Pillars of Islam. Fasting is not limited to abstaining from food and drink but also includes abstaining from immoral acts and anger. Other acts of worship, such as prayer, reading the Quran, and charity or zakat, are also encouraged during the holy month.
When does Ramadan start?
As the Islamic calendar is based on the lunar cycle, the Holy month of Ramadan rotates by approximately ten days each year. This year, the moon sighting in Pakistan marked the beginning of the month of Ramadan (1 Ramadan 1444 AH) on Thursday, March 23rd, 2023.
When does Ramadan end?
The last day of Ramadan in 2023 will be Friday, April 21st.
When does Eid al-Fitr start?
The festive period of Eid al-Fitr is set to celebrate on either Friday, April 21st or Saturday, April 22nd, depending on the appearance of the moon.
Laylatul Qadr: a blessed night
The month of Ramadan contains the most blessed of nights, also known as Laylatul Qadr, about which Allah (SWT) asks us: “What will make you realize what the Night of Power is like? The Night of Power is better than a thousand months. Angels and the Spirit descend upon it with their Lord’s permission with every command; there is a peace that night until the coming of dawn.” [Quran: 97:1-5]”