An Overview of the New Skilled Immigration Act

New Skilled Immigration Act

Unlocking new possibilities for skilled workers, the recently introduced Skilled Immigration Act (FEG) in Germany aims to simplify the immigration process for individuals with vocational training and practical knowledge. In this detailed article, we will discuss the key aspects of the act, highlighting the amendments, benefits, and steps to becoming a skilled worker in Germany.

The Skilled Immigration Act

The Skilled Immigration Act, effective from November 2023, maintains existing pathways for skilled workers with a university degree, such as the EU Blue Card, while introducing innovative mechanisms like the Chancenkarte for third-country nationals seeking employment.

EU Blue Card Enhancements

With the implementation of Directive (EU) 2021/1883, the EU Blue Card undergoes significant changes:

Lowered Salary Thresholds

Reduced salary requirements for bottleneck professions, opening doors for skilled workers. In 2023, the minimum salary for bottleneck professions is set at 45.3% of the annual contribution assessment ceiling, fostering accessibility.

Expanded Eligibility

Increased opportunities for new entrants to the labor market and IT specialists without a university degree. The lower salary threshold for bottleneck professions applies, reflecting a more inclusive approach.

Extended List of Bottleneck Professions

The EU Blue Card now encompasses a broader range of professions, including manufacturing, mining, construction, and healthcare. Skilled workers in these fields can benefit from the lower salary threshold.

Short-term and Long-term Mobility

EU Blue Card holders from other EU countries enjoy short-term and long-term mobility in Germany, simplifying cross-border professional engagement.

Residence Permit Entitlement for Skilled Workers 

The Skilled Immigration Act introduces fundamental changes in residence permit qualifications for skilled workers:

Abandonment of Qualification-Employment Link

Applicants are now entitled to a residence permit if all requirements are met, removing restrictions tying employment to specific skills acquired through professional qualifications.

Simplified Employment of Professional Drivers

Streamlining the process for employing professional drivers, the act eliminates certain checks, such as EU or EEA driving license requirements and language skills.

New Employment and Recognition Rules

From March 2024, the act extends opportunities for individuals with practical professional knowledge:

Extended Residence for Recognition of Foreign Professional Qualification

Greater flexibility for employers, allowing a 24-month initial residence permit for completing adaptation measures. Secondary employment during the qualification period is expanded.

Access to the Labor Market for IT Specialists

Reduced professional experience requirement for IT specialists to two years, without the need for a university degree. Language skills are no longer mandatory for visa purposes.

Access to Labor Market for Assistants in Nursing

Expansion of access rules for assistants in nursing from third countries, facilitating employment in the health and care sector.

Facilitated Family Reunification and Settlement Permit Acceleration 

Various provisions are in place to expedite settlement permits for skilled workers, along with eased family reunification requirements.

Job Search Opportunity Card

From June 2024, a unique opportunity card allows jobseekers to stay in Germany, with points awarded based on recognition of qualifications, language skills, professional experience, and more.


The Skilled Immigration Act propels Germany into a new era of openness, providing a welcoming environment for skilled workers worldwide. This comprehensive article unravels its complexities, providing a roadmap for skilled workers, employers, and policymakers alike. As the act continues to shape Germany’s workforce dynamics, it beckons individuals to explore new opportunities and contribute to the nation’s growth.

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