Immigration in Italy: Types of Visas and Residence Permits

immigration in italy

Italy, being part of the Schengen area, allows free movement to anyone legally present in the European Union. However, different procedures are in place for EU and non-EU citizens. In this article, we will provide a brief guide about immigration to Italy, including the current state of immigration in Italy, conditions of legal entry to Italy, and how to stay in Italy by registering your presence to the authorities.

Legal Entry to Italy

immigration in italy

For citizens of EU countries, no residence permit is required when relocating to Italy. However, they are required to register with the local police station within 8 days of arrival. On the other hand, citizens of non-EU countries must apply for one of the available types of visas before entering Italy. There are various types of visas available for foreigners, such as visas for work, residency, and starting a business in Italy.

Types of Visas in Italy

immigration in italy

The types of visas available in Italy include Schengen visas, limited territorial visas for humanitarian purposes, long-term residence visas, and temporary and permanent residence permits, which can lead to citizenship in Italy. To apply for any type of visa, a foreigner must submit various documents such as a valid passport, supporting documents for the reason for coming to Italy, recent photographs, and a valid insurance policy. Specific documents may also be required based on the reason for entering Italy, such as enrollment forms for students, employment contracts for employees, and business licenses for sole traders.

Assistance from Immigration Lawyers

Immigration lawyers in Italy can assist foreigners in obtaining visas and applying for residence permits. The services provided by immigration lawyers in Italy are personalized and include assistance in obtaining visas, applying for residence permits, and appealing against immigration-related decisions. These lawyers can also guide applicants through the proper way of immigrating to Italy and present all options available based on their citizenship.

Residence Permits in Italy

The residence permit or permesso di soggiorno is one of the most sought-after visas. It can be obtained based on a temporary visa and requires the applicant to go to the nearest police station in the city or town where they live to be taken into evidence. A work permit is issued to a foreign citizen who has applied for and obtained a job with an Italian company. The employer conducts the necessary procedures to obtain the work permit on behalf of the foreign worker. The self-employment visa is available for foreign citizens who want to start their own businesses or take directorship roles in Italian companies. The student visa is suitable for foreign students who want to study in Italy, and it is also the only type of visa that can be converted into a work permit.

Retiring to Italy

To retire to Italy, a foreign citizen must submit proof of pension, and for senior citizens, Italy provides special conditions to immigrate after retirement. Italy is a member of the Schengen area, and foreigners can travel to other member states with the national Schengen visa.


Overall, specialized advice is recommended for those who want to apply for any type of visa or residence permit in Italy. This article provides information on the types of visas available in Italy and the conditions for legal entry to the country. Immigration lawyers can assist with the preparation of necessary documents and provide guidance on the proper way of immigrating to Italy.

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